COSTS OF THE HUMAN CAPITAL AND DEVELOPMENT OF THE SOCIAL POTENTIAL IN ACCOUNTING SYSTEM FOR CENTRAL AND EASTERN EUROPE

Alexander PSHINKO, Liudmila GOLOVKOVA, Viktoriia KOLOMIIETS, Liliia DOBRYK

Анотація


Nowadays, human capital and social potential become the most valuable resource for the harmonious development of the national economy. Expenditure on human capital and social development should occupy a significant part in the state budgets of countries. Therefore, accounting of such expenses is extremely important.

The purpose of the study is to reveal the possibility of accounting for expenditures on the human capital and social potential development in the accounting system of the Central and Eastern Europe, provide recommendations for the current accounting system.

The research revealed the plurality and ambiguity of the interpretation for the categories «human capital» and «social potential». The regulatory and legislative uncertainty complicates the accounting of the human capital costs and development of the social potential. These categories must be defined by law. As per normative and methodological basis for the accounting of the human capital, it would be better to apply the International Financial Reporting Standards.

The absence or misrepresentation of information about available human capital are contrary to IFRS requirements and reduces or exaggerates the value of the organization. It is offered in IFRS, to provide a comprehensive accounting of the cost for the human capital and developing social capacity.

The budget of the Central and Eastern European countries includes only the costs of social protection, health, education, recreation, culture, religion. After the budget analysis was conducted, the authors proposed to develop new objects of accounting (human capital, social potential), accounting standards for it. A part of the GDP expenses should be directed to the financing of the human capital expenditures and social potential development.

JEL: E24, G41, H83.


Ключові слова


Human capital; social potential; IFRS; accounting.

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.35774/jee2020.01.182

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